After over a century of revolution, struggle and bloodshed; India achieved Independence from the British rule on August 15th, 1947. During the struggle of independence each and every Indian played its role in some way or other. Most of them even sacrificed their life in the fight for freedom for our beloved country and are known as freedom fighters of India. With the true spirit and courage they faced various tortures and hardships to earn us freedom. Among the various pioneers of the revolution the most famous freedom fighters are mentioned below.
A fearless revolutionary, Chandrashekhar Azad was born on July 23, 1906 to Pandit Sita ram and Jagrani Devi, in Jhabua District of Madhya Pradesh. After completing the schooling from Bhavra district, he moved to Varanasi for higher studies. Azad was quite young when he joined the freedom struggle as an extremist as he believed violence was necessary for freedom. As a revolutionary he adopted his last name as “Azad” which means free, and made a pledge that British police could not catch him as long as he is alive. Azad and bhagat singhs was well known Freedom Fighters of India in that Decade.He was involved in Kakori Train Robbery Scandal and targeted British officials who were known for aggression and torture to Indians. On February 27, 1931 He was backstabbed by one of his associate who informed police about his whereabouts. In Alfred Park at Allahabad he was surrounded by police men. He fought bravely for some time and then shot himself to die as “Free Man”.
SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE
Subhas Chandra Bose, also known as Netaji, was the son of renowned lawyer Janaki Nath Bose and Prabhavati devi. He was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa and completed his graduation from Calcutta and left for England in 1919 for further studies. Shaken by the incident of Jalianwala Bagh Massacre he returned India in 1921 and joined Indian National Congress and participated in Civil Disobedience Movement. Not convinced with Non-Violence method of Gandhi Ji, he left for Germany to convince Hitler for help. There he formed Indian National Army (INA) and declared the formation of Azad Hind Government. During the World War II, Japan that was majorly involved in helping INA, surrendered. Somehow Netaji escaped from there but his plane crashed on August 17, 1945. His death is still a mystery as his death body is not found after crash till date.
Mangal Pandey was the first freedom fighters of India history who ignited the spark of freedom which led to the revolt of 1857. He was born on July 19, 1827 in the Nagwa village in Uttar Pradesh. Mangal Pandey was a soldier in the East India Company in the 34th regiment of Bengal Native Infantry. During 1853 there was rumor that the cartridges of the guns were greased with Lard and Tallow, both of which was against the Hindu as well as Muslim religion. At that time British army had 96% Indians and all Hindus and Muslim soldiers refused to accept the cartridges which turned into a revolt. Later Mangal tried to commit suicide to spark the light of patriotism but failed. He was then captured and then sentenced to death on April 8, 1857 at Barrackpore.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, “Father of Nation”, also known as Mahatama Gandhi was born on October 2nd, 1869. His father name was Karamchand Gandhi, the Diwan of Porbandar in Gujarat, and mother is Puttlibai. He was married at the age of 13 to Kasturba Makhanji of same age. He was mediocre in his studies and was sent to London to study law. After some practice in Bombay, he went South Africa as a legal advisor for a company. Due to racial discrimination faced by Indians at South Africa, he threw himself in the struggle to secure the rights for Indian people which took almost 25 years. Inspired by various religions he followed the path of “Truth” and “Non-Violence” and returned to India after his struggle in South Africa. He started Non-Cooperation in India and asked people to boycott foreign goods and possessions.His Freedom Fighters spirit using Non violence always taught in books. He later started many other movements and forced British to leave India in 1947. Late on January 30, 1948 he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse.
Considered as one of the most famous Freedom Fighters of India , Bhagat Singh was an Indian revolutionary. He was born in a Sikh family of Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati on September 27, 1907 in Khatkar Kalan Village, Punjab. Both his father and his uncle were freedom fighters of India, which imbibed in him feelings of patriotism. He joined Non-Cooperation movement in 1921 but later became violent as a result of Chauri-Chaura Massacre. He later formed the “Naujawan Bharat Sabha”, to create a feeling of patriotism among the youth in Punjab. Soon after he came in contact with Chandrashekhar Azad and planned to kill General Scottwho was responsible for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. He instead killed Superintendent Saunders and left for Lahore to escape punishment. On April 18, 1929 he threw a bomb in Central Legislative Assembly and was sentenced to death charge on March 23rd, 1931.